The bit depth is also referred to as the dynamic range of a chip. The number of bits in a picture also determines how many different shades of grey can be displayed. The depth of the image information depends directly on it. In an image taken with 1 bit depth, you will only see black and white dots. In this case, you can hardly call it a picture. Many details that the naked eye can discern are missing. 16 bits means the presentation of more than 65.000 shades of grey.
For long exposure times, many CCD cameras are cooled to reduce thermal noise and achieve higher image quality. CCD cameras are grouped into three categories:
- no cooling
- passive cooling via cooling fins
- active cooling (e.g. using a fan and Peltier element)